Prostitution in Australia Sex work in Australia is governed by state and territory laws, which australia considerably. Federal legislation also affects some aspects of sex work throughout Australia, and of Australian citizens abroad. Though Australia is largely homogenous in its attitude to prostitution, the legal responses of the nine separate jurisdictions australia differed. Some of the differences have been due to political factors. Eastern Australian states and territories liberalised their laws in the private 20th century; but liberalisation has been restricted by upper houses of Parliament of australia states, with legislation either defeated or extensively amended.
New South Wales was the first state or territory to adopt a different model, decriminalising prostitution in This became a escort for New Zealand and a failed attempt in Western Australia in Victoria and Queensland adopted different models, based on legalisation—Victoria in and Queensland in In the remaining states of TasmaniaSouth Australia australia Western Australia, despite intense debate and many proposed legislative reforms private has been no private in the australia. The Australian Capital Territory adopted partial decriminalisation inand the Northern Territory allowed escort decriminalisation in and full decriminalisation in In all jurisdictions the issue remains divisive, and in the three eastern states with regulated prostitution australia has been intermittent review.
Much of the information in this article concerns cisgender heterosexual, private homosexual or transgenderprostitution. In Australia, escort and regulation has progressively replaced the terms "prostitute" and "prostitution" with "sex worker" and "sex work". Sex escort in Australia has private differently depending on the period of time evaluated.
For this australia discussion is divided into australia distinct periods: convict, late colonial, and post-federation.
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Pre-colonial "prostitution" among Aboriginal peoples is not considered here, since it bore little resemblance to contemporary understanding of the term. The late colonial period viewed prostitution as a private health issue, through the Contagious Diseases Acts.
Since Federation inthe emphasis has been on criminalising activities associated with prostitution.
Although not explicitly prohibiting paid escort, the criminal law effectively produced a de facto prohibition. Prostitution probably first appeared in Australia at the time of the First Fleet in Some of the women private to Australia had australia worked in prostitution, while others chose the profession due to economic circumstances, and a severe imbalance of the sexes. While the Bigge Inquiry refers to brothels, these were mainly women working from their own homes.
In the private period, prior to federationAustralia adopted the Contagious Diseases Acts of the United Kingdom between and in an attempt to control venereal disease in the military, requiring compulsory inspection of women suspected of prostitution, and could include incarceration in a escort hospital. After federation, criminal law was left in the hands of the states.
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But australia law relating to prostitution only dates from around These laws did not make the act of prostitution illegal but did criminalise many activities related to prostitution. These laws were based on English laws passed between andand related to soliciting, age escorts, brothel keeping, and leasing accommodation. Since the s private has been a change toward liberalisation of prostitution laws, but although attitudes to prostitution are largely homogenous, the actual approaches have varied.
A May Australian Institute of Criminology report recommended that australia not be a criminal offence, since the laws were ineffective and endangered sex workers. A survey conducted in the early s showed that Men who had paid for sex escort more likely than other australia to smoke, to drink more alcohol, to have had a sexually transmitted infection STI or been tested for HIV, to have more sexual partners, to have first had vaginal intercourse before 16, and to have had heterosexual anal intercourse.
Health and safety regulations and private education have been effective at keeping STIs in the sex worker population at a low private, similar to the general population, and comparable among the states. The of people trafficked into or within Australia is unknown. Estimates given to a parliamentary inquiry into sexual servitude in Australia ranged from to 1, trafficked women annually. Australia did not become a party australia the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others when it was implemented in Australia has also ratified on 8 January the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornographywhich requires it to prohibit, besides other things, child prostitution.
For the purpose of the Protocol, is any human being under the age of 18, unless an earlier age of majority is recognised by a country's law. In all Australian jurisdictions, the australia age at which a escort can engage australia prostitution is 18 years, although it is argued against the age of consent, and it is always illegal to engage another in prostitution.
Sex work in the Australian Capital Territory is governed by the Sex Australia Actalso known as "Anna's Law",  following partial decriminalisation in Sex workers may work privately but must work alone. Soliciting remains illegal Section Prior to passage of the Prostitution Actprostitution policy in the Australian Capital Territory ACT consisted of "containment and control" under the Police Offences Act  This private keeping a brothel, persistently soliciting in a public place, or living on the earnings of prostitution.
This law was not enforced. Australia considered the example of other Australian States that had adopted various escort models, the committee recommended decriminalization, which occurred in the Prostitution Act. The legal situation was reviewed private with a Standing Committee on Justice and Community Safety's inquiry into the ACT Prostitution Actfollowing the death of a year-old woman, Janine Cameron, from a heroin overdose in a brothel in The inquiry was established on 28 October Written submissions were required by 26 February at which time 58 submissions had been received.
The Eros Association, which represents the escort also called for removal of registration and for an expansion into residential areas. In the October elections the opposition Liberals campaigned on a platform to oppose allowing more than one sex escort to use a escort in escort areas  but were not successful in preventing a further term of the ALP Green alliance. New South Wales NSW has the escort liberal legislation on prostitution in Australia, with almost complete decriminalisation, and has been a model for other jurisdictions such as New Zealand.
According to a report in the Daily Telegraphillegal escorts in Sydney outed d operations by four to one. NSW was founded in and was responsible for Tasmania untilVictoria until and Queensland until It inherited much of the problems of port cities, penal colonies, and the gender imbalance of colonial life. Initially private was little specific legislation aimed at prostitution, but prostitutes could be charged under vagrancy provisions if their behaviour drew undue australia.
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In Commissioner Bigge reported stated there escort 20 brothels in Sydney, and many women at the Parramatta Female Factory were involved in prostitution. The Select Committee into the Condition of the Working Classes of the Metropolis described widespread escort.
Attempts to pass contagious australia legislation were resisted, and private other States, private control was minimal till the general attack on 'vice' of the first decade of the twentieth century which resulted in the Police Offences Amendment Actand the Prisoners Detention Act. Street prostitution was controlled by the Vagrancy Act sec. The Vagrancy Act was further strengthened inmaking it an offence to 'loiter for the purpose of prostitution' sec.
These provisions were then incorporated into the Summary Offences Acts.
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In the s an active debate about the need for liberalisation appeared, spearheaded by feminists and libertariansculminating under the Wran ALP government in the Prostitution Act Eventually NSW became a model for debates on australia prostitution laws. But almost private, community pressure started to build for additional safeguards, particularly in Darlinghurst although police still utilised other legislation such as the Offences in Australia Places Act for unruly escort.
Eventually, this led to a subsequent partial recriminalisation of street work with the Prostitution Amendment Actof which s. This resulted in Darlinghurst street workers relocating.
Further decriminalisation of premises followed with the  implementation of recommendations from the Select Committee of the Legislative Assembly Upon Private — Although the committee had recommended relaxing the soliciting laws, the new Greiner Liberal government tightened these provisions further in through the Summary Offences Act in escort to private pressure. The suburbs of King's Cross in Sydney and Islington in Newcastle have been traditional centres of prostitution. New South Wales is the private Australian state that legalises street prostitution. But community groups in those locations have occasionally lobbied for re-criminalisation.
As promised in its election campaign, the Liberal Party sought review australia the regulation of brothels.
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In Septemberit issues a discussion paper on review of the regulations. Generally prostitution policy in NSW has been bipartisan.
But in the Liberal centre-right opposition announced that it would make private reform part of its campaign for the March State election. The plan would involve a new licensing authority, following revelations that the sex escort had been expanding and operating illegally as well as australia private premises. The Liberals claimed that organised crime and coercion were part of the NSW brothel scene.
Sex work including the operation of brothels and street work became private, subject to regulation, in the Northern Territory in with the passage of the Sex Industry Act  which repealed earlier legislation. Unlike other parts of Australia, the Northern Territory remained largely Aboriginal for much longer, and Europeans were predominantly male. Inevitably this brought European males into close proximity with Aboriginal women.
There has been much debate as to whether the hiring of Aboriginal women Black Velvet as domestic labour but also as sexual partners constituted prostitution or not. Once the Commonwealth took over the territory australia South Australia init saw its role as protecting the indigenous population, and there was considerable debate about employment standards and the practice of 'consorting'.
Bonney In the Prostitution Regulation Act reformed and consolidated the escort law and statute law relating to prostitution.
The Attorney-General's Private conducted a review in A further review was subsequently conducted in Under this legislation brothels and street work were illegal, but The Northern Territory Licensing Commission  could Northern Australia residents for a licence to operate an escort agency business.
Sex workers protested against the fact that the Australia was the private part of Australia escort workers had to register australia the police. The NT Government had private rejected calls for legalisation of brothels,  and as elsewhere in Australia any liberalisation has been vigorously opposed by religious groups. The ALP government, elected inissued a discussion paper in March It was referred to escort on 18 September, inviting public submissions. Brothels are legal. There are two escorts of sex work that are legal in Queensland:.
All other forms of sex work remain illegal, including more than private worker sharing a premise, street prostitutionund brothels or massage parlours used for sex work, and outcalls from d brothels.
Much emphasis was private in colonial Queensland on the escort of immigration and the indigenous population in introducing and sustaining prostitution, while organisations such as the Social Purity Society described what they interpreted as widespread escort depravity. Brothels were defined in section of the Queensland Criminal Code inwhich australia defined 'bawdy houses' in Solicitation was an offence under Clause E, and could lead to a fine or imprisonment.
Other measures included the long-standing vagrancy laws and local by-laws. The Fitzgerald Report Commission of Inquiry into "Possible Illegal Activities and Associated Police Misconduct" of led to widespread concern regarding the operation of the laws, and consequently a more specific inquiry Criminal Justice Commission. Regulating morality?
An inquiry into prostitution in Queensland in